The study of metallurgy actually explores what makes metals behave the way they do. This exploring is done by metallurgists, scientists who probe deeply inside the internal structure of metals. They seek to understand why the metals change its structure as it is heated and cooled under different conditions.
Predicting the internal behavior of iron and steel during heating, quenching, annealing, tempering and other heat-treating processes is an exciting challenge. The steel undergoes interesting changes and a metallurgist can predict the changes that will occur based on the composition of the steel and heat-treatments to which it is subjected. The examination and knowledge of this predictable behavior of iron and steel reflects the job of a metallurgist.
- Daniel A. Brandt, J. C. Warner (2005) Metallurgy Fundamentals page 9 (ISBN: 1590703456)