The dictionary defines metallurgy as “the science that explains methods of refining and extracting metals from their ores and preparing them.” Today, the subject of metallurgy digs deeper into the heart of metals then that definition describes. Metallurgy is now more than examining the refinement and extraction of metals from their ores. Metallurgy is the science that explains the properties, behaviors and internal structure of metals. Metallurgy also teaches us that properties of metals can be changed using various treatments. This allows us to tailor a metal’s properties to its specific use.
Metallurgy involves all metals, Ferrous Metallurgy is the study of metals that use iron as their basic ingredient. Nonferrous Metallurgy is the study of metals that do not use iron as a principal alloying element (such as aluminum, titanium and copper).